E-mail from Anonymous Feb.19
DAR ES SALAAM (Feb. 18) XINHUA
Tanzanian President Benjamin Mkapa on
Saturday said that only the Zanzibar House of Representatives (Parliament)
had the mandate to settle the Zanzibar political conflict.
The Zanzibar House of Representatives was the organ enacting the law and
other related electoral rules for Zanzibar, the president stated on the issue
arising out of the contraversial election results in Zanzibar.
He made clear that neither the courts of law, nor himself as President of the
United Republic of Tanzania, had legal powers to nullify election results
announced on October 26 last year.
The president was making the statement at Morogoro, west of Dar es Salaam,
while addressing local officials and political party leaders.
Mkapa urged all the opposition Civic United Front (CUF) members of the House
of Representatives to attend instead of boycotting the sessions on the thorny
President Mkapa's speech follows the present political misunderstandings
which have led to rejection by the CUF members to Dr. Salmin Amour's
Presidency in Zanzibar and CUF's boycott to the House sessions.
DAR ES SALAAM (Feb. 14) XINHUA
The Union Government of
Tanzania has pledged to distribute food the the people affected by
food shortages in Pemba Island following a protracted dry spell,
according to a report from Pemba.
The Vice-President, Dr. Omar Ali Juma, made the pledge on Tuesday
while addressing villagers in Mkoani district in the region on a
four-day tour to determine the extent of damage caused by the
About two thousand acres of crops have been destroyed in the
south region of this clove rich Indian Ocean island.
Dr. Juma told the villagers that the government would also supply
them with seed and other extension services.
DAR ES SALAAM (Feb. 11) XINHUA
The Zanzibar government has hailed the
move by the main opposition Civic United Front (CUF) to rush relief food to
starving people on the Twin-island of Pemba.
Deputy Chief Minister Omar Ramadhan Mapuri told a press conference in the
town of Zanzibar on Saturday that the food haulage, which begins today, would
greatly alleviate the suffering of the islanders, who had been facing food
scarcity for more than a month.
He said he was heartened by CUF's move to ship food to Pemba. The move was a
good example of co-operation in the new multiparty system, he added.
Mapuri dismissed claims that CUF's action would erode the grovernment's
credibility, saying it was the responsibility of opposition parties to assist the
government of the day to resolve the population's problems.
He reiterated that no one had died since food scarcity struck the island, adding
that the situation was not as grave as to force the government to panic and
start seeking food assistance.
He attributed food scarcity in Pemba to drought. The fact that some people
abandoned agriculture to involve themselves in politics also caused the decline
in agricultural production, he addeed.
About 3,800 U.S. Dollars, 100 bags of rice and 10 bags of beans were promised
at a meeting here Friday at which CUF mobilized food assistance for PEMBA
Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam, in Swahili 0330 gmt 8 Feb 96
The Zanzibar Revolutionary Government has denied reports that the food
situation in Pemba island is bad and added that the situation is being
provoked by the political situation.
Speaking to reporters in Zanzibar, the minister of agriculture,
livestock and natural resources, Mr Adam Mwakanjuki, said there was
sufficient food for the citizens of Pemba island. Minister Mwakanjuki
Press to continue.
denied reports in the mass media that the citizens were eating roots. He
said food such as rice, wheat flour, maize flour and sugar were available
in abundance in the shops, but some citizens could not afford to buy these
goods. Mr Mwakanjuki said the main problem afflicting Pemba island was
drought. The Pijini, Kicheo both names phonetic and Mwambe areas had
lacked rain for more than four months.
He also emphasized that the food shortage in Pemba was not bad enough to
need aid from outside the country and he added that at present the
government was assessing the situation so as to be able to offer aid to
those most affected.
(c) BBC Monitoring Summary of World Broadcasts.
DAR ES SALAAM, (Feb. 8) IPS
A political storm is brewing in the Indian Ocean
archipelago of Zanzibar, where the opposition has vowed to keep up a
campaign to have elections held in October declared invalid.
The opposition Civic United Front (CUF) has stayed away from parliament and
refuses to recognize Zanzibari President Salmin Amor, pointing out that even
international observers had judged the election "chaotic."
The official result was nail-bitingly close. Amor, leader of the ruling Chama Cha
Mapinduzi (CCM), scraped through with just 1,565 more votes than his rival,
CUF's Sief Sharriff Hamad, while the CCM won 26 of the 50 seats in the islands'
parliament, the other 24 going to the CUF.
Hamad says the results are invalid due to rigging. Zanzibar's two main islands,
Unguja and Pemba are now split along party lines, with tension running high.
There have been reports of arson attacks in Unguja, including the setting on fire
of CUF branch offices on the island, which is a CCM stronghold. Three people
were arrested last month in Pemba for throwing petrol bombs at a government
Young men have reportedly been fleeing to Britain and the Gulf States and
applying for refugee status. Britain recently announced that it was considering
the deportation of 900 asylum seekers believed to be from Pemba, which is
controlled by CUF.
A former sultanate, Zanzibar became a republic after a bloody revolution in
1964, when the archipelago's last Arab sultan was overthrown by its black
majority. It then joined Tanganyika, located on the East African mainland, to
form the United Republic of Tanzania, retaining a government of its own, but
participating in the union government and parliament.
The CUF's campaign has been supported in the Tanzanian parliament by
opposition parties from the mainland.
However, CCM's vice chair for the Tanzanian mainland, John Malecela, said late
last month that the party would defend Hamad's victory. He lashed out at
opposition leaders who questioned the validity of the poll.
"We shall never keep our mouths shut. We have no culture that will accept
injustice," retorted opposition member of the union parliament Mabere
Marando, the secretary general of the NCCR-Mageuzi party, said the opposition
had an obligation to inform external funders of the elections that their money
was misappropriated by government.
Tanzanian President Benjamin Mkapa has stood firmly behind his Zanzibari
counterpart. He wants the CUF to recognize Amor as president of Zanzibar in
order to enable the two sides to sit down and iron out their differences.
His position is in line with the electoral laws of both Zanzibar and Tanzania,
which stipulate that once the electoral commissioner announces the results of
presidential elections, the contestants are bound to accept the announcement
But Mkapa has also been talking tough, saying over the weekend in Dodoma,
central Tanzania, that if opposition parties wanted confrontation, the CCM was
prepared to face them, although he did not elaborate.
Prince Bagenda, a political analyst argues that, as president of the united
republic, Mkapa's first obligation is to safeguard the fundamental rights of
every citizen of Tanzania and that he should therefore spearhead efforts to find
a solution to the political crisis in Zanzibar.
In the meantime, the 750,000 Zanzibaris are worried that their country might
again be plunged into turmoil, as in 1964, as a result of the current political
crisis which is bringing old rivalries to the surface.
Socially, Unguja residents despise those of Pemba, whom they consider less
educated and advanced, while Pembans counter that they are hard workers with
a business acumen that has made them famous in east African coastal towns.
Politically, relations between the two islands have been tense ever since the
1964 uprising in Unguja, which most Pembans did not support.
Pembans also complain of having less than their fair share of political power in
the archipelago: all five presidents who have ruled Zanzibar since 1964 have
been from Unguja and very few Pembans have held ministerial posts in
successive Zanzibari governments.
The political impasse is likely to have economic repercussions.
Like the Tanzanian mainland, Zanzibar is in dire need of foreign capital to
revamp its economy. Since the prices of cloves -- its main export earner -- fell
on the world market in the late 1970s, the islands' government has failed to
balance its accounts. This is a challenging problem because few foreign
investors are likely to risk their money in an country without stability.
COPYRIGHT 1996 IPS/GIN
DAR ES SALAAM, Feb 6 (Reuter)
Zanzibar's main opposition party
boycotted the opening session of its new parliament on Tuesday,
saying it was denied victory through electoral fraud in the Indian
Ocean archipelago which is part of Tanzania.
The Civic United Front (CUF) did not say how long the boycott
would last. It claims it won last October's landmark but chaotic
polls in which the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM-Party for the
Revolution) was declared winner.
"Yes, it (boycott) has happened. They (CUF MPs) went to the
swearing-in ceremony and then walked out of parliament," a CUF
spokesman told Reuters by telephone from Zanzibar.
Zanzibar is part of Tanzania, with mainland Tanganyika, but has
its own president and parliament.
Zanzibar's incumbent president, Salmin Amour, was declared
winner in October with 165,271 votes against 163,706 for CUF's Seif
Foreign observers said the election results were suspect. CUF
insists counting was rigged by Amour's CCM and has warned of chaos
if the result is not reversed.
The CUF has 24 seats while CCM holds 42 seats, including 16
presidential nominees, in the islands' parliament.
Earlier on Tuesday, Hamad told a news conference that the
boycott was intended to show the world that Zanzibaris did not
recognise Amour's government.
"They (MPs) will not participate to show the world that they do
not recognise the government of Salmin Amour," said Hamad, a fiery
politician and a former member of CCM.
"We do not intend to have a violent conflict. But we are not
going to give in and force will be answered with force," Hamad
Amour has consolidated his controversial election victory by
selecting ministers exclusively from CCM despite pressure to form
a coalition government, proposed by Tanzania's founding father
Julius Nyrere, as a way of cooling down the tension.
He has also clamped down on opposition activity by arresting
several CUF activists for treason. A leading opposition newspaper
was recently banned from Zanzibar and more than 10,000 CUF
supporters living on Zanzibar's main island have fled back to the
northern island of Pemba.
Western donors who keep Tanzania solvent have so far failed to
force the government to listen to opposition grievances.
But internal pressure is mounting on Tanzanian President
Benjamin Mkapa to take action and address the Zanzibar crisis
before it blows into a full-scale conflict.
Mkapa has declined to intervene, saying the constitution does
not allow him to do so. Earlier this week he said his government
was ready to deal with the Zanzibari opposition if they caused
Tanzania's leading newspapers have criticised Mkapa's stand and
challenged him to act boldly to end the crisis.
(c) Reuters Limited 1996
- E-mail from whom knows Zanzibar condition well.Oct.29.'95
- E-mail from Tanzanian overseas Oct.30.'95
- E-mail from Anonymous Oct.31-Nov.3
- E-mail from Tanzanian overseas Nov.16.'95
- E-mail from Tanzanian overseas Nov.19.'95
- E-mail from Anonymous Nov.25
- E-mail from Anonymous Nov.26
- E-mail from Anonymous Dec.22
- E-mail from Anonymous Jan.16,1996
- E-mail from Anonymous Jan.29,1996
- E-mail from Anonymous Feb.1,1996(in Swahili)
- E-mail from Anonymous Feb.2,1996
- E-mail from Anonymous Feb.9,1996
- E-mail from Anonymous Feb.12,1996
Zanzibar election Diary Oct.19-27,1995
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