E-mail from anonymous Oct.31-Nov.3
DAR ES SALAAM, Nov.3 (Reuter) By Matt Bigg
Tanzania's High Court dashed an
opposition bid Friday to ban the release of results from landmark
multiparty polls, prompting an opposition threat to create chaos.
''We do not find good grounds for granting an interim injunction and we,
therefore, dismiss the application,'' said Justice Luhekelo Kyando,
chairman of the three-man panel.
Kyando told a packed court that a hearing on opposition demands for the
suspension of repeat parliamentary and presidential elections in the
capital would take place Monday.
The ruling on the results was another blow to the opposition campaign to
block last Sunday's elections on the grounds they were rigged by ruling
Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM-Party for the Revolution).
''Today's court decision was taken because the judge was bribed. If CCM is
tired of peace, then we will cause chaos,'' said opposition National League
for Democracy (NLD) leader Abakari Mwaipopo to frenzied applause from 1,000
Parliamentary election results Friday showed CCM increasing its lead to
121 of the 232 seats while NCCR-Maguezi, considered the main opposition
party, had only nine.
The Civil United Front (CUF), Zanzibar's main opposition party, had 24,
including a clean sweep in its Pemba stronghold.
No official results for the presidential race were issued.
Grim-faced opposition leaders disappointed by the ruling, including
anti-graft campaigner and NCCR presidential candidate Augustine Mrema, went
straight into talks to decide their next move.
The coalition of 10 opposition parties said they would hand a letter to
the British High Commission protesting at Britain's decision to supply
ballot papers for the repeat elections in Dar es Salaam.
Britain's Overseas Development Administration agreed to pay $111,000
toward ballot papers for about 700,000 voters eligible for Dar es Salaam's
The opposition says Britain should have waited for the results of its bid
in the courts to nullify the elections.
The NEC announced Nov. 19 as the date for new elections in the capital, a
full three weeks after the original poll. It had originally set the re-run
date as Nov. 12 but diplomats said it would have been impossible to
organize by that time.
The elections turned sour early on polling day when a shortage of ballot
papers prevented large numbers of people from voting, mainly in the capital
where the opposition is strong.
Western donors who funded the polls and say that Tanzania's judiciary is
independent of political interference had said they would respect the High
Court ruling on whether to cancel last Sunday's polls.
Tanzania's Attorney General Andrew Chenge also has rejected opposition
demands for a transitional government.
He has said outgoing President Ali Hassan Mwinyi would have to stay on
until his successor was sworn in. Mwinyi is stepping down after 10 years at
the helm of a one-party political system.
Copyright (c) Reuters America Inc.
DAR ES SALAAM, Nov. 1,(Reuter) By Matt Bigg
A coalition of 10 opposition parties
asked the High Court Wednesday to cancel Tanzania's first multiparty
elections, arguing they were clearly neither free nor fair.
The parties, who want both the parliamentary and parallel presidential
elections scrapped, went to court as results from last Sunday's vote showed
the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party building up a lead in the house
Latest results said CCM had taken 44 seats, the Civic United Front (CUF)
had gained 19, while NCCR-Mageuzi, the main opposition party, had taken
only four seats.
''In our petition we are raising several grounds which go into showing the
illegality of the whole electoral process and the fact they were not free
and fair,'' said an affidavit signed by NCCR Secretary-General Ringo Tenga
on behalf of the group.
Tanzania's donors, who poured about $20 million into the election process,
faced a dilemma because of the flawed election and some donors regarded it
as a betrayal of trust.
The High Court will make a ruling Thursday, the same day the opposition
coalition has called for a mass rally to challenge the popularity of CCM.
Defense Minister and CCM spokesman Abdurahman Kinana told a news
conference Wednesday that the opposition should ''grow up and accept
''Democracy for the opposition is achieved only when they win and when
they don't win they call the elections rigged,'' Kinana said.
Tanzania's first multiparty presidential and parliamentary elections
soured early on polling day when a shortage of ballots stopped large
numbers of people from voting.
The National Electoral Commission (NEC) extended voting in some rural
consituencies for up to 48 hours. It canceled the chaotic vote in Dar es
Salaam and rescheduled it for Nov. 12.
In the presidential election, Benjamin Mkapa, former science and
technology minister, for the CCM stood against three opposition candidates
-- Augustine Mrema of NCCR, CUF's Ibrahim Lipumba and John Cheyo of the
United Democratic Party.
CCM, after its first electoral test after 30 years in sole command,
supported the NEC. But the opposition united for the first time to condemn
the process and agreed to boycott the re-run in Dar es Salaam.
''All the opposition parties are agreed that CCM has been rigging the
elections since the word go and we want the elections to be nullified,''
Lipumba said, sharing his platform at a news conference Mrema and Cheyo.
In a new twist to Zanzibar's elections, held one week before those on the
the mainland, the United Nations said Wednesday it would widen its
investigation into alleged irregularites after President Salmin Amour was
returned to power by a margin of 1,585 votes after four days of counting.
Copyright (c) Reuters America Inc.
DAR ES SALAAM, Oct. 31(Reuter) By Matt Bigg
A united front of Tanzania's opposition
parties goes to court on Wednesday in a bid to get the country's first
multi-party general elections declared null and void after chaotic polling
Early official results had shown Tanzania's ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi
sweeping towards victory in landmark pluralist presidential and
But chaos surrounding some ballots led to Tanzania's National Electoral
Commission (NEC) declaring as null and void polls held in the capital.
Election officials and materials arrived late or not at all at an unknown
number of the East African country's 40,000 polling stations on Sunday.
A coalition of 10 opposition parties will seek an injunction from the High
Court banning the publication of results from Sunday's voting and file a
petition requesting that the whole process be nullified.
The parties, which include NCCR-Maguezi, Civic United Front (CUF), Chadema
and the United Democratic Party (UDP), have also decided to boycott a
re-run of elections in the capital to be held November 12.
''So long as the electoral commission has admitted that there are
irregularities then we are going to pursue this strategy,'' said Evarist
Maembe, Chadema's election director at a news conference on Tuesday.
The decision by the opposition to take their grievances to court and
boycott next week's re-vote follows three days in which the entire
electoral process in Tanzania appeared to unravel.
Nationwide parliamentary and presidential voting was supposed to finish on
Sunday night with results declared Tuesday, according to the NEC.
Instead voting was cancelled in the capital pending a re- ballot after a
day of confusion Sunday, and extended by up to 48 hours in at least eight
other constituencies up-country.
The ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi party has given a guarded assent to the
re-vote, arguing that it too had suffered because of the aborted polling in
But with staggered voting and a series of legal challenges in prospect,
the consensus surrounding Tanzania's transition to multi-party democracy
appeared to be breaking down.
One effect of the difficulties has been to unite the four major opposition
parties behind a common front and leaders of NCCR, CUF, Chadema and UDP all
took part in Tuesday's news conference.
A mass rally in the capital has been called for Thursday by opposition
leaders aiming to get a mandate from local residents for their boycott.
Since campaigning has been banned in advance of the fresh ballot the rally
is being seen as an act of defiance by opposition parties trying to avoid
being backed into a corner.
Throughout Tuesday results from the regions continued to trickle in at NEC
headquarters, which is following a policy of releasing results as they
arrive to promote transparency.
Late Tuesday night CCM had won 26 seats, CUF 11, NCCR- Mageuzi two and
Chadema 1 out of the parliament's 232 elected representatives.
Among the winners were Makongoro Nyerere, the son of the ex- president
Julius Nyerere who switched sides and stood for NCCR in Arusha.
Prime minister Cleopa Msuya and ex-prime minister John Malecela both won
comfortably for CCM.
Nearly nine million Tanzanians were eligible to vote last Sunday in the
final step of its transition to multi-party democracy.
The main contenders for the presidency are CCM candidate Benjamin Mkapa
and Augustine Mrema of NCCR.
CCM won separate elections held October 22 for the presidency and
parliament of Zanzibar, but the validity of that election has also been
called into question with a group of 17 ambassadors asking for a complete
The letter from whom knows Zanzibar condition well.29.Oct.'95
E-mail from Tanzanian overseas.30.Oct.'95
E-mail from Tanzanian overseas 15.Nov.'95
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