Consider the Related Theme of "Princess Mononoke"


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Excuse: These English sentences are draught translations, not read easily still very much. I want to revision them neatly some day. Thanks.



History of "Tatara ironworks" 1997/12/10




Eboshi-Gozen and her "Power" 1998/03/13




About the Leprosy 1998/04/12.












History of "Tatara ironworks"



Metallic of be not historically paid attention refinement
Though the Princess Mononoke assumes Japan of the Middle Ages as a historical background, a historically familiar, deep neither samurai nor farmer were so drawn, and attention was applied by people of "Tatara ironworks" to be engaged in a metallic refinement.

The metal is promoted an important position as a sacred treasure and a sacristy for the ceremony such as the bronze bell-shaped vessels, and has been used from ancient times very much as practicable tools of the hoe and the plow, etc. in Japan. However, it is necessary to start from the search for the mineral that first becomes a raw material to refine metal. A large amount of woods as the fuel were the necessities, and the businesses that studied the difficulty thoroughly very much. Though the name of an era was renewed the eighth beginning of the century as the harmony copper when natural copper is discovered in the Chichibu provinces in Genmei emperor's age, how the discovery and the refinement of the metal were attached importance is shown.

However, the importance of the duty did not appear in the table stage of the history as for the existence of the people engaged in a metallic refinement. The record is not so passed on. Japan is historically a rural society of the reason for one thing. It is enumerated because it was a society where the people who settled down in land in one place and engaged in rice farming were occupying large majority. The engaging person of a metallic refinement doesn't require a long-term settling down and not have a constant rhythm over the season like the farmer. Therefore, it was in the society in Japan though was regarded existed exceptional. In addition, the research of the farm village that basically coils round the rice farming culture is a center in the folklore of Japan , for example, Yanagita-Kunio. It is counted that the legend that coiled round the metal was not researched too much ardently by one of the reasons why the engaging person of a metallic refinement is not paid attention.


The actual transition of Tatara place steel manufacture
The Tatara steel manufacture that made the iron sand a raw material was done from ancient times in the San'in region. Especially, the Izumo provinces and the Iwami provinces in Shimane Prefecture are the granite zones where a good quality iron sand can be removed with Mimasaka and the Bichu provinces in the south. From ancient times to heartland belt of Tatara steel manufacture according to "Topography in country of Izumo" there

It is assumed that the Tatara was easy equipment only of the construction of Tstiro on ground. When the early modern age came in the Middle Ages, it shifted to "Big-Tatara" manufactured by the advancement of the steel manufacture technology in Tsne facilities. It can be said that the Tatara place of the Eboshi Gozen that appears in the Princess Mononoke considerably has large-scale "Big-Tatara" when thinking the setting is Muromachi Period.

As for the Tatara place, the village was usually installed from the necessity for securing the iron sand and the charcoal of the raw material in a mountainous district away. And, closing a kind of community was made up getting together in the residential area that was called San 'nai. The Tatara master is a special skill group that requires a lot of skill basically. It is said that the farmer in land also was the exchange with the external world, and calls Gedaimon and distinguished them except the buying and selling, the rice of iron, and dealings such as the transportation of daily necessaries. However, farmers were closing around the farmer's leisure season and the Tatara group was not closing because the example of going out to a so-called part-timer and obtaining the additional income was in the Tatara place in no small way, too at all. In general, the horse was used for the transportation of iron, rice, and daily necessaries between the Tatara place and the farm village. The cow seems as a historical fact and the use example seems though cowing it in the Princess Mononoke bore the leading part of transportation ..might have been few...

The iron sand that became a raw material was chiefly produced in the mountainous district. Kogane and the mountain including this are called, and earth and sand including the Kanna mountain and the iron sand is called and work to throw it into water and to save the iron sand is called Kanna sink calling the iron sand. The Kanna sink is work to throw a large amount of earth and sand into the river. When the iron sand is separated from earth and sand, the contained iron content is finally improved to the purity of 80% or more by ..only several %.. not passing, and repeating the Kanna sink the first earth and sand. However, because all the earth and sand of the amount flows, the river water is naturally impure to red. Though there was a scene to which the river has been dyed in the work of the Princess Mononoke in red, this seems even though it is because the Kanna sink was exactly done in the Tatara place in the upstream.

Though the Yagami basin said that it is the maximum in the Iwami provinces in a Chinese mountainous district was originally geographical features where ups and downs were abundant, it is said that that 80 percent will have been made a plain by the Kanna sink over many years. Moreover, there is a branch of Akaiya river in the Gou river in Shimane Prefecture, and, similarly, branch Yauecawa is called the alias a muddy river. It is naming connected to the red river impurity of both of these though there is a name of a place of impure field in Goutsu city Kanada in the downstream, too. The muddy stream that contained a large amount of earth and sand makes it flow into the rice field in the downstream and deposit sediment. Therefore, the troubles of the Tatara place and farmers did not discontinue. Therefore, the agreement of limiting the Kanna sink between until the equinoctial week from the equinoctial week to the spring of the next day of autumn was made, and coexistence of both was attempted.

The Tatara place in the historical fact by the way is a strict place original the, and extremely says that it disliked it dirty red such as birth and the menstruations. The worker of the Tatara stepping is usually a man. It seems that there was little example of only a woman's young as drawn by the Princess Mononoke stepping on the Tatara.

The Tatara steel manufacture often supported the iron demand that increased even if entering Edo period. However, when Hiroshitets and the manufacturing method entered the Meiji era, a modern, large-scale ironworks was constructed in the coast zone in various places where public transport was good. A Tatara place the production scale small along with it, traffic, inconveniently, and so far at the time of locate in the heart of the mountains has decreased gradually. It is only survived in detail to answer special demand to produce Japanese swords as the work of art now. It was abolished in finally 1971 though it barely remained in a part of provinces though the Kanna sink of the tradition entered the Showa era from Taisho Era, too.






Eboshi-Gozen and her "Power"



Power system of "Tatara ironworks"
"Tatara ironworks" that the Eboshi Gozen led was drawn as one carpenter place where the Tatara was manufactured needless to say. Even people who developed arms to defend group that used the gun that was able to be called the Ushikai to which people, iron, and food that gathered not only Tatara-people to be involved in the direct iron-making but also the iron sand were transported and mercenary troops or "Tatara ironworks" lived together there. There is a division that can be called "Street" where the life smell to take care of not only the equipment that relates to steel manufacture but also the domestic animal in "Tatara ironworks" and for food to cook drifts. The strong wall put on surroundings, it was made to come round, and, after all, even the aspect as the city-state was drifted.

In the Princess Mononoke, "Tatara ironworks" how it approved is not talked about in detail. A small-scale Tatara group had operated originally near the mountain of the pantheon before the Eboshi. However, the Tatara group is always being afflicted by the missis. It seems the extermination of the Eboshi that is accompanied by the group that uses a certain day gun and appears of Nago, seizing real power, and embattled as "Tatara ironworks".

The Eboshi Gozen did not command the direct iron-making. The business of steel manufacture was left to past Tatara-people. It was a mercenary that an original belonging was an organization of the mystery named Sishoren in the group that used the gun who had been loaned contingent on the Shishi Gami extermination. Still, the Eboshi Gozen's being able to reign as a leader of "Tatara ironworks" is just the one by "Power" of the Eboshi Gozen. Person who can have it receive Yasha, gather sold woman, and work and from proof of "Power" exactly. Then, what was "Power" of the Eboshi Gozen?

In general, only the side of "Rule" tends to be recollected as for "Power". It is however because there is a side of "Security" of power why power can do "Rule". Because people's lives are secured in some shape, "Power" is formed.

It was discriminated in the society, and the Eboshi Gozen received Yasha and the sold woman to "Tatara ironworks" by the boycotted existence, and secured the life. The Eboshi Gozen secured the safety by removing the threat of the god of Nago from "Tatara ironworks" by using the group that used the gun, and guarding the great number of the Ushikai who transported rice and iron from the attack. Operation to which steel manufacture was steady brought food enough for "Tatara ironworks", and it came to secure the life of the group that used the gun. The Eboshi Gozen is located in people. People's life and safeties were able to be "Security" and to have "Power obtaining , "Security" and "Rule" =".

Ruler..sometimes..rule..eye..deprive..rule..power..think..fall into.However, the Eboshi Gozen was modest. It was not necessary never to behave always calmly and calmly, and never to swagger. And, the art that brought the maximum "Security" in minimum "Rule" to "Tatara ironworks" was known. It was likely to have been composed of a variety of coming from hierarchies, and to have succeeded in bringing up people of various "Tatara ironworks" well.

"Power" that the Eboshi Gozen had grasped reached besides "Tatara ironworks". The iron of the Eboshi Gozen was sold in the market, and exchanged chiefly for rice. The Tatara operation can produce good quality iron by costs that the larger-scale it becomes, are the fewer. Because many of the plastron goods cannot be lacked in people's lives, it seems that the iron of a cheap, high-quality Eboshi had strong leadership in the market.

It is the power that controls a market, that is, "Power""Power" of the Eboshi Gozen enriched the merchant who treated iron, and secured rich life that people had the plastron goods.

To suck up the profit of steel manufacture under rule, Asano who was the general in this place managed also to plan the Eboshi Gozen. It was not able to be achieved because the Eboshi Gozen exactly has strong "Power" in the market. One's feet would be seen if "Tatara ironworks" was weaker than the market on power relationship and it be beaten down. Or, in = that women had made iron of defilement, in addition, it is likely to have sold only by the low price. However, the iron of "Tatara ironworks" that the Eboshi Gozen led had the value without of room where such a prejudice enters it and reigned. The quality was guaranteed by "Power" of the Eboshi Gozen, and value was given to the iron of "Tatara ironworks" also in the market.

By the way, it was greatly easier to stop the food supply to "Tatara ironworks" only than to attack "Tatara ironworks" of a firm defense if it planned if the Asano made "Tatara ironworks" surrender. If the supply of food is cut, it suffers from hunger at once because "Tatara ironworks" doesn't produce food.

However, the flow of food to "Tatara ironworks" was not able to be obstructed in "Power" that the Asano had. Naturally, the supply of the plastron goods to the market stops, too, if the Asano is forbidden to sell food to "Tatara ironworks". The deep effect is brought to people who consume the merchant and the plastron goods that live by having dealings over iron if it does so. These people will not cane get along earlier than "Tatara ironworks" starves if it says by power relationship. The Asano was not able to be subrogated to those people's life. In a word, the Asano could not help relying on military power at of .."Security".. obtaining , end of people's lives and attacking "Tatara ironworks" directly. When it relies on military power, the Asano can be said that it had already been defeated.

In the movie, though the fight of "Tatara ironworks" and the Asano is unsettled in the appearance of the Didarabocchi of the neck none, it is doubtful whether the Asano was able to capture "Tatara ironworks" militarily even if this is not. Anyway, "Tatara ironworks" mass-produces a new gun more than the Asano side. The number of victims might been only increased to the Asano side though it excessively attacks. When troops that the Eboshi led turned back in "Tatara ironworks", it was attacked the enemy from both sides and annihilating it might have been a mountain in the barrier ..there was only a starving strategy if there was the only possibility in the Asano.. ..the Asano army...


"Tatara ironworks" symbol = of economic power
The strong above all one was iron that was the product there though the gun of "Tatara ironworks" was strong. The rule of the market where the plastron goods had been assumed to be a background was the one that economical "Power" is symbolized. The essence is "Ownership of the market. "The Eboshi Gozen owned "Market" to sell the iron produced by "Tatara ironworks" (conquest). In this, when the Asano owned it, the concept of "Territory + farmer" is "Ownership" that has been approved to a dimension different from the legal land ownership that should be called the difference Shima and so-called and a territory. If the territory and the farmer of the Asano are feudal ownerships if it says accurately, that of the Eboshi is modern ownership, and it is conquest of "Market". Because it is not the one that overlaps with feudal rule like the Asano, "Tatara ironworks" should have been able to coexist enough with the Asano as long as the Eboshi paid a proper tax. However, "Power" of "Tatara ironworks" was the powerful one as the tax did not have to be paid to the Asano. The Eboshi Gozen that did not need a feudal territory possessed economical power by "Market" that exceeded the concept of the territory to say nothing of the territory of the Asano, and reigned. The haste of the Asano can be understood.

Emperor's political power is lost in the Middle Ages that became the historical background of the Princess Mononoke though it is an emperor as for the ruler in Japan. A religious authority was only kept. It was characterized that it was a samurai that governed various places including the Asano in feudal rule that treated land and the farmer assuming that inseparability. Here, "Power" that the Eboshi Gozen that reigned over "Tatara ironworks" grasped can be said, it was "Economic power" in all truth. It is understood generally as a concept since it is modern to which the market economy is approved it : though feudal rule is the one originally contradicted. Even if power like the Eboshi exists, it doesn't historically contradict because some modern market economy had been approved to Japan of the Middle Ages though it is in seal Tacazaicda. Actually, the independence considerably was kept in the background of the economic power the Tatara place in the historical fact.

It can be understood that "Tatara ironworks" functions as a base of economical power in the Middle Ages when thinking like this. Emperor's religious authority did not reach though "Tatara ironworks" was located in Japan. Moreover, though "Tatara ironworks" is located in the territory of the Asano (It is boundary with the forest of region = farm village part which man's power of the territories of the Asano reaches and region = Shishi Gami that doesn't reach accurately), a political authority of the Asano did not reach. And, an economical authority of "Tatara ironworks" extended over the region where "Market" in which the plastron goods circulated was wide.
Ruler Kind of power Range where power reaches
Emperor
Religious power

Japanese whole land
(However, political power was had by the samurai class only exerting a religious influence on Japanese whole land. )
Asano
Political power

In territory of Asano
(However, the rule was not steady, and there was danger always conquered from the neighboring country, too. )
Eboshi Gozen
Economical power

Japanese whole land
(However, it meant it had the leading influence power to "Market" of iron, and people were not ruled feudal. )


"Tatara ironworks" and "City-state"
Moreover, "Tatara ironworks" carried even out the function as "City-state" that was not a mere iron-foundry plant but a kind of. It also procured the raw material from the outside, and did an economic activity similar to the colony nation that requested the market of the product outside. That is, the raw material (iron sand) and the fuel (wood) are procured from the forest, and the plastron goods are manufactured from the huge production facility installed in "Tatara ironworks". Food was procured according to the capital obtained by selling it off in the deflecting market.

The market where the procurement destination and the product of the raw material were sold off was requested from the same colony for the colony nation, and it was different and was made of the flow of one-way traffic for "Tatara ironworks". The forest was existence only of the deprivation of the raw material. Though political power (The colony is politically ruled) is needed for the colony nation to make an economical flow of the raw material and the product certain, because emperor's power and samurai's power had not originally reached the forest of the Shishi Gami, the Eboshi Gozen did not have to consider the statesmanship for the raw procurement. The raw material was able to be carried by freely plane of the mountain as long as it was not feared though it was Moro clan's anger if there was a problem.

And, the Eboshi Gozen did not need the statesmanship for the clearance of the product. However, the side where this is because the Asano doesn't have the statesmanship only to control taking the lead of the Eboshi Gozen in the iron market is strong. It doesn't collect taxes from "Tatara ironworks" the territory people of the Asano : though they were able to obtain an advantage mutually by an economic activity of exchange of iron and food. The reason for the Asano is only that it collects taxes in the background of political power. Though feudal "City" in the Middle Ages developed around the castle of the Asano, it was impossible at all that it opposed "City-state" and "Tatara ironworks" with a strong, economical power.

The Eboshi Gozen was not an entrepreneur with economic power merely when thinking like this. Become..ironworks..area..rule..politician..Shishi Gami..forest..fear..confront..dislike..philosopher..practician.The Eboshi Gozen can be said that it is and it reigns as a sovereign of "City-state", and it extended the emperor, the Asano, and more than equality each other , saying that "Tatara ironworks".
Relation of general colony to own country Relation between "Tatara ironworks" and forest and farm village
Own country

(base of politics and economic power)
Processing of production facility product


Raw material ª« product

Colony

(market of supply ground of raw material and product)



The own country had the territory and the people in the colony, and had "Market" of the product.
(economic political power + power)

The colony was supply ground of the raw material, and it was a market of the product, too.

When the own country propagates the religion to the colony, the own country ..(.. : with the base of religious power.
It had the function to do. )


Forest
(supply ground of raw material)
Raw material «
"Tatara ironworks"
(base of economic power)
Production facility plastron goods
Product «
Territory of Asano
Castle of Asano
(base of political power)
(market of plastron goods)

Though Asano had the territory and the farmer (political power)
"Tatara ironworks" had "Market" of territory of the Asano (economic power).

"Forest" as the raw material supply ground was existence only of the one-sided deprivation.

(Emperor's power as religious power hardly reaches here. )







About the Leprosy



Princess Mononoke and leprosy
Yasha that covers the whole body with the bandage appears in the Princess Mononoke. The Eboshi Gozen was expressed, the sickness of people who had been rolled with the bandage that worked in the Tatara place was "Industry disease". Though the meaning (an intractable disease and a sickness not reconciled) is included in "Industry disease", it seems that a leprosy = so-called Leprosy is indicated here. Actually, the patient of the Leprosy was an object of discrimination, it was a person boycotted by the society, and the tendency especially became remarkable since it was modern. Especially, the law that isolates the leper will be made, and the patient be accommodated in the isolation facilities compulsorily at the Meiji era. It is lawful discrimination by the public authority, and it becomes foundation to which the prejudice to the leper so as not to be said is amplified. Therefore, after understanding it is not leprosy = epidemic but recovering sick, the prejudice remains dark for a long time in the society. In the Higashimurayama city of Tokyo, there are facilities where it isolates and it accommodates the leper "Zenseien house". Go to "Zenseien house" for Hayao Miyazaki's collection of personal phrases. ..Because the philosophy till then changes".. though there is a descent, it is looked that Mr. tried to understand the leprosy well as for the recommendation of Mr. of "Zenseien house" visit like this.
Here, it thinks about relations between the leprosy and the society.


What is the leprosy?
The leprosy is a kind of the infectious disease by the bacillus, and it is caused by the bacillus's named Mycobacterium entering the inside of the body and proliferating,

Because the nerve and the compatibility of man are high, the leprosy bacillus easily enters the nerve. Moreover, it is easy to proliferate by the peripheral nerves of parts such as hands and feet ahead, the nose, eyes, and ears in the human body so that the leprosy bacillus may comparatively like point where the temperature is low. Therefore, because the change takes place plainly than other sicknesses on the face, it is called, "The finger rots when hanging to the leprosy and fall" and "The nose comes not to be melted", etc. It has caused discrimination. (However, these are only secondary symptoms that the neurological disorder causes, and it is ,so to speak, sequelaes. )

The leprosy is assumed to be extremely progress late, sick one. It borrows for one leprosy bacillus to divide for several weeks. The sickness by the leprosy bacillus progresses extremely slowly when thinking Bacillus dysenteriae and other bacilli , for instance, the cholera bacterium are divided once an hour, increase to millions of pieces at once the number of one bacilli, and cause the sickness. Long period lasting for tens of years occasionally in the average number year by increasing of the number of bacteria in the inside of the body even if it is infected and appearance as the symptom actually. And, it takes time long as for treatment to the extent that it takes time to get sick, and treatment and taking medicine for several-ten years or more are needed.

The leprosy had been called a Leprosy before. There were a theory etc. assumed that it is repaying by the theory and the French punishment assumed that the Leprosy was an epidemic that invaded from pores more than old times. Though the inheritance theory is wide and it was believed since Edo period, if the leprosy bacillus is discovered by the scientist in Norway in 1873(1873), it has gotten an epidemic. Here, the patient will advance toward the direction isolated by the society as lack and discrimination and the prejudice of understanding to the sickness come in succession.
What is the leprosy?

¥The neurological disorder is caused to hands and feet when getting sick. It had been called the Leprosy in old times.
¥It had been thought the epidemic in old times though it was not an epidemic by a kind of the infectious disease.
¥It had been thought that it completely reconciled with the fatal disease in old times though it was sick now.



Why has the leper been discriminated?
Leprosy bacilluses that cause the leprosy are in tubercle bacilli and the Kon edge relation. However, tuberculosis : while the sickness progresses chiefly in the inside of the body such as the bones, and intestines of lungs. It is despised because the trouble appears in the part where the face such as hands and feet and eyes, noses, ears, and hairs stands out that much, and it will give birth to the prejudice.

Necessarily it was an extremely slow sickness that the symptom ..leprosy.. progressed in the chronic case, and it was not sick ..dying... It is said that there were not so many things to die only of the leprosy in a word as long as other sicknesses due to the immunity decrease etc. are not complicated even in old times without the treatment. However, it will rather touch people's eyes for a long term by the trouble on the face, and promote a further prejudice and discrimination.

And, not having understood a sick for a long time cause either became a factor to invent discrimination. The leprosy that was called a Leprosy is called "Industry disease" and "Tenkei disease" in the old times. It is said that it is assumed, "Punishment that the heaven punishes" etc. of "Repay by doing it bad for the past", and has been discriminated.

And, do not overlook working of a social above all factor strongly in discrimination. Originally, the infection power of the leprosy bacillus is extremely weak, that is, even see from no success of culture yet. It is assumed that the appearance of disease power to which it actually gets sick even if it is infected is weaker. It is called below one example that the ratio becomes an attack very low compared with other infectious diseases about the infection of 1000. However, danger of infection and developing rises if the state that the immunity system in the inside of the body weakens ,that is, the hygienic condition and the nutrient state is in the bad situation even if such infection power is a weak bacterium.

It is discriminated originally socially, and after all, people who chronic hunger and have faced poorly are infected and will develop at a higher probability. It became combined a societal discrimination and sick discrimination, and it became definite discrimination. That is, it cannot be overlooked deep relations of not only an only medical factor but also a social factor in discrimination to the leprosy.
Why has the leper been discriminated?

¥Hands and feet..collapse..face..trouble..sick..clearly..understand..sick.
¥Because the trouble touched person's eyes for a long term because it is chronic and it sick.
¥Because a medical cause to get sick is not understood, and it was used for the religion boycott.
¥Because discrimination has been promoted by a social factor (The socially vulnerable is infected).



How should we lose the prejudice to the leprosy?
Though it is the one that it is boycotted and it had been discriminated unjustified by the society by a groundless prejudice to show the history of the big discrimination that the leper received, especially, after the Meiji era, patient's fundamental human rights should say that having been violated was the maximum problem "It is lawful" by the quarantine policy advanced by the power of the state.

The nation still suppressed patient's fundamental human rights in "Leprosy Preventive Law" in which World War II was revised afterwards. It is because of the one to give law grounds to the kidnapped forcible isolation of the day at the time of which being suddenly to the medical center as for the patient who lives usually. Then, it was made the factual compulsion of spending it through life when entering the medical center once because Hijo regulations were not provided. Cash was taken up, and it was made to exchange for "Note" that passed only in the medical center. There were no law grounds in this "Note".

Moreover, the patient was made to receive the surgical sterilization compulsorily partly though the leprosy was not a family disease. In "People Yuusahou" enacted at prewar days, it targeted in sterilization by the inheritance and there was no leprosy. However, the leprosy was done the expansion interpretation, and was done sterilization to the one based on the disease that the inheritance is considered in a public way. (It is necessary to target in sterilization and the artificial abortion, to be described the leper clearly in "Dominant protection method (law that protects a good gene)" enacted after World War II, and to say the fact that continues until "Leprosy Preventive Law" is abolished in April, 1996 is to be surprised in this regulations. )

"Leprosy Preventive Law" idea that revised "Leprosy Preventive Law" was submitted to the Diet in 1953. However, this must legalize the patient's isolation though this prohibits discrimination to the patient and the family and in the one to suppress a lot of human rights, any bills discriminatory content was not changeable. Though an intense protest campaign happened from people who aim at the leper's human rights recovery to this bill, after all, the bill has been approved though there is a background that the prejudice that Leprosy = leprosy is a fell disease remains still strongly in the whole society, too and the supplementary resolution attached. Though an honest movement from which the repeal of laws was requested was continued afterwards, it kept shortly being left for 40 years, it arrived after all in April, 1996, and, at last, "Leprosy Preventive Law" was abolished.

Discrimination by the power of the state planted fear of leprosy = fell disease to the people, related to Ethnic Cleansing and the fascism thought, and produced the storm of big discrimination. Even if tens of years passed after World War II, the prejudice remained deep-rooted, and the object of discrimination reached not only the patient himself but even also the family, became various shape such as making it dislike to urge the child's marriage evasion, entering refusal to the family and the relative, and study refusal and removals persecution, and appeared. Those prejudices were not necessarily canceled still now.

Well, the leprosy obtained the position as common infections at last by abolishing "Leprosy Preventive Law". It came to be treated as a common ailment as well as an outpatient who was not isolation like the situation to date but general. Of course, though lecture on a prevention of transmission careless because it is an infectious disease is needless to say, do not let wrong correspondence based on lack of understanding and the misunderstanding that the doctor and the nurse refused the diagnosis and treatment before be repeated. The prejudice to the leprosy that still remains in the society now should be sticky and be strongly removed for that.

Next, it is necessary to advance support to the person who goes out of the medical center and society returns strongly. It provides covering to the person who is the be imprisoned of a new law at present to the leprosy medical center and the home care patient at cost in the country. However, this is minimum security, and the life for which each of the patient hopes is not backed up. For instance, the problem of medical insurance is still unsettled now. Moreover, though it is provided that former patient's rehabilitation into society is supported to the law, it is a fact that there are few people who receive the abolition of not the one any more but preventive and leave the medical center, too. A very effective measure whether is presented and operated are strongly asked as a practical matter.

In addition, it is not only a patient of the leprosy, and the family's problem cannot be overlooked. In the forcible isolation by "Leprosy Preventive Law", not only the patient himself but also the family was sacrificed. Neither the family who could not help abandoning one's hometown because it put out the patient nor the family who has scattered are few from among the family. However, not being considered at all is a fact in security and support to these people. At least, it will not float in the future of the family who has dismantled it if the prejudice of the whole society is not lost. The leprosy policy that provides for the forcible isolation by the law and the history of the human-right violation to the patient by the nation are correctly recognized for that. The educationand the educational campaign for this not to weather will become important, too.

We correctly understand knowledge to the leprosy, and recognize why the leper had to be discriminated. It is necessary to try not to be intentionally and unconsciously related, to have a discriminatory aspect, and to see neither the leprosy nor the leper.
How should we lose the prejudice to the leprosy?

¥First of all, it is necessary to recognize the history to which the leper has been lawfully discriminated by the nation by the misunderstanding and the prejudice.
¥Even if "Leprosy Preventive Law" is abolished, the prejudice to the leprosy that remains in the society should be still sticky and be removed.
¥It is necessary to advance people's rehabilitation into societys that came out from the medical center and support to the family.
¥The education and the educational campaign to achieve these are especially important.


Reference literature
Yoyumi blue of Masaki "Life of Sha" Sawano Co.
"Do not it come to know?Leprosy and human rights"Caia liberating publisher that thinks about leprosy and human rights
Susumu "Isolation" Tokunaga Iwanami Shoten
Fge "Liberating from Hirai" Otani etc.







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