Takeda Sokaku and Hisa Takuma
in Osaka 1939
Takumakai is an organization established in order to practice the traditional
Japanese martial arts, Daito-ryu Aiki Jujutsu, as was founded by the students
of Hisa Takuma and also by the students of Nakatsu Heizaburo. The former
holded a Menkyo Kaiden from Takeda Sokaku, and the latter Daitoryu from
Takeda Sokaku together with Hisa.
When Hisa Takuma was working for the Osaka Asahi Newspaper company, he learned Daito-ryu Aiki Jujutsu first from Ueshiba Morihei, and then later from Takeda Sokaku. He recieved a Menkyo Kaiden (the highest attainable rank) from Takeda Sokaku on March 26, 1939. He was the only person among Sokaku's students that received the Menkyo Kaiden. After that, in 1959, Hisa Takuma established Kansai Aikido Club, to proliferate the Daito-ryu style. With Hisa Takuma's move to Tokyo in 1968, the Kansai Aikido Club was closed down. His students, however, continued training in various parts of the Kansai region and convened every year for join training sessions. At one of the joint summer training sessions, on August 24, 1975, Chiba Tsugutaka from Awa Ikeda proposed that Hisa Takuma's name be used to formally designate the Takumakai.
As a result of the formalization of the group,the joint training sessions increased in size and the Takumakai was established as a Kobudo (classical martial way) organization. In the beginning, there were only seven branches. The largest increase came about after Hisa Takuma passed away. His death left students with a sense of urgency to continue this teachings, which strengthened the spirit of unity in the Takumakai, and led its members to take a more active role, resulting in an increase in the membership and an increase in the number of dojo. As of January 1997, there are 40 branches and dokokai(study groups) in Japan, America, and Finland.
Daito-ryu Aiki Jujutsu is a traditional Japanese martial art which is historically said to be about one thousand years old. However, it was only opened to the public for the first time by Takeda Sokaku (1860-1943) one hundred years ago. All the people who had the opportunity to witness Sokaku's techniques were struck with wonder at his high level. All types of jujutsu martial arts utilize the opponent's power. Sokaku's art was the same in this respect, except that in addition to it, Sokaku utilized an additional power. He called it "Aiki".
Takeda Sokaku spent the last part of his life teaching Hisa Takuma at the Osaka Asahi Newspaper company. This was beneficial to Hisa Takuma in two ways. For one, he had the opportunity to learn a lot of the most mature techniques from Sokaku. Additionally, he was able to take a lot of photos of Sokaku's techniques by borrowing the cameras of the newspaper. These photos were later compiled into 11 volumes of Soden techniques, consisting of Ten, Chi, and Jin, which have been carefully preserved by the Takumakai as valuable research material. This is one of the special points of Takumakai.
Daito-ryu Aiki Jujutsu is regarded as a cultural treasure and is the basis for modern day Aikido. In an attempt to preserve classical martial ways, the Japanese Ministry of Education produced a series of Kobudo films, of which Daito-ryu Aiki Jujutsu was the first to be filmed. The members of Takumakai performed the embu in this film.
The Takumakai organization feels that it must not only preserve and develop Daito-ryu Aiki Jujutsu, but also must strive to promote it all over the world and impart it to future generations.